More information: Cinquin P, Gondran C, Giroud F, Mazabrard S, Pellissier A, et al. (2010) A Glucose BioFuel Cell Implanted in Rats. PLoS ONE 5(5): e10476. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0010476 Citation: Glucose biofuel cells may soon power implants (2010, May 19) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-05-glucose-biofuel-cells-power-implants.html The team, led by biomedical engineer Philippe Cinquin, found in one rat the device could produce up 6.5 microwatts, and electrical output remained stable at two microwatts for 11 days, after which the rat was sacrificed. They calculated they obtained a maximum specific power of 24.4 microwatts per milliliter, which exceeds a pacemaker’s requirement of 10 microwatts.The second rat was monitored for three months, and throughout the period its urine contained gluconate, a byproduct of glucose oxidation, indicating the device was still working. When this rat was sacrificed and dissected the scientists found a new vascular network had developed around the implant, and there was no sign of inflammation.Cinquin said he was optimistic the efficiency could be improved, and achieving electrical outputs in the tens of milliwatts is not unrealistic in larger animals. He said he could see no reason why the devices could not work in people, and hoped to see them developed for use in humans within five to 10 years.The biofuel cell could find application in devices such as insulin pumps, artificial urinary sphincters, biosensors, bone growth simulators and drug delivery devices as well as pacemakers. The research team want to continue their research by testing glucose biofuel cells in larger animals and for longer periods.The paper is available online at PLos One. Explore further Summary of the principle, preparation, implantation and operation of an implantable “Quinone-Ubiquinone Glucose BioFuel Cell”. See the original paper for more details. Image: doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0010476 The device consists of electrodes of compressed graphite containing enzyme catalysts for the oxidation of glucose and chemicals called redox mediators. Redox mediators transport the electric charge from the enzymes to the electrodes leading from the fuel cell to the device it is powering. Glucose oxidase and ubiquinone were at the anode, while polyphenol oxidase and quinine were at the cathode.The enzymes and redox mediators are contained within a dialysis bag that keeps them inside but allows glucose and oxygen obtained from the bodily fluids to pass through. The devices were implanted into the rats’ abdominal cavities and in one case monitored for three months. Once in place the enzymes triggered the oxidation of glucose, which generated electrical energy.The research team, from the Joseph Fourier University, found that confining the enzymes to discs of graphite placed inside dialysis bags overcame the problems found in previous attempts at developing glucose biofuel cells (GBFCs), such as inhibition of the reaction by charged particles in the surrounding body fluids, or the need for low pH conditions. Implants containing both GOX and catalase, immobilized on barium alginate beads, in dialysis tubing wrapped in an exPTFE coating. (A) Before implantation. (B) After 3 months of implantation. A neo-vascular network can be seen, no sign of inflammation is present, proving the good tolerance of the rat for the implant. Image credit: PLoS ONE, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0010476 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Photosynthesis: a new source of electrical energy © 2010 PhysOrg.com (PhysOrg.com) — Researchers in Grenoble, France have for the first time successfully implanted glucose biofuel cells in living rats. The results suggest such cells may one day use the body’s own glucose and oxygen supplies to power human implants and avoid the necessity for surgical replacement when the batteries are nearing the end of their lives.
(PhysOrg.com) — Google is making some new friends in the world of finance. They have announced partnerships with both MasterCard and Citigroup, that will allow users of Android-based phones to go shopping and pay with their smartphones at the register. Rumors about Google’s exploration of near-field technology for payment processing have been floating around for some time now, but we finally have some specifics to drool over. This deal will involve VeriFone Systems, who will be making the readers that will be need for the transactions. VeriFone usually makes credit card readers, so this may not be a major transition for them. Google has also begun talks with another potentially large partner, Wal-Mart, which would give them a fair sized starting set of locations.The project, is still in its very early stages, but rumors are flying around that Google is expected to begin testing of an NFC system as soon as within the next fiscal quarter.You may be wondering what exactly Google is going to be getting from this deal? According to sources close to the deal Google isn’t expected to get any of the revenue from the transaction fees. Most likely, what they have to gain is a lot of new data about their users. Over time this shopping data will be able to determine patterns of consumption and more effectively target adds to mobile-device users while in or near participating stores. The program may also offer customer data to retailers. So, while this technology may be cool, there are some kinks to be worked out. Google would do well to learn from its experience with Google Buzz, and make sure to give consumers control over what data they are sharing.Near Field Communication technology has been supported by Google’s Android operating system since the release of Android 2.3, which you may know better as Gingerbread. Citation: Google advances on mobile payment system, makes partnerships with MasterCard, Citigroup (2011, March 28) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-03-google-advances-mobile-payment-partnerships.html An NFC mobile phone interacting with a smart poster. Image: Timo Arnall/Wikipedia Explore further © 2010 PhysOrg.com via WSJ More information: Google to set up a mobile payment system this year? This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Picture of a diamond-bearing kimberlite rock, from a mine somewhere in the US. (Diamonds are not visible). Image: Wikipedia. Citation: New research explains how diamond rich kimberlite makes its way to Earth’s surface (2012, January 19) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-01-diamond-rich-kimberlite-earth-surface.html More information: Kimberlite ascent by assimilation-fuelled buoyancy, Nature 481, 352–356 (19 January 2012) doi:10.1038/nature10740AbstractKimberlite magmas have the deepest origin of all terrestrial magmas and are exclusively associated with cratons. During ascent, they travel through about 150 kilometres of cratonic mantle lithosphere and entrain seemingly prohibitive loads (more than 25 per cent by volume) of mantle-derived xenoliths and xenocrysts (including diamond). Kimberlite magmas also reputedly have higher ascent rates than other xenolith-bearing magmas. Exsolution of dissolved volatiles (carbon dioxide and water) is thought to be essential to provide sufficient buoyancy for the rapid ascent of these dense, crystal-rich magmas. The cause and nature of such exsolution, however, remains elusive and is rarely specified. Here we use a series of high-temperature experiments to demonstrate a mechanism for the spontaneous, efficient and continuous production of this volatile phase. This mechanism requires parental melts of kimberlite to originate as carbonatite-like melts. In transit through the mantle lithosphere, these silica-undersaturated melts assimilate mantle minerals, especially orthopyroxene, driving the melt to more silicic compositions, and causing a marked drop in carbon dioxide solubility. The solubility drop manifests itself immediately in a continuous and vigorous exsolution of a fluid phase, thereby reducing magma density, increasing buoyancy, and driving the rapid and accelerating ascent of the increasingly kimberlitic magma. Our model provides an explanation for continuous ascent of magmas laden with high volumes of dense mantle cargo, an explanation for the chemical diversity of kimberlite, and a connection between kimberlites and cratons. © 2011 PhysOrg.com Explore further (PhysOrg.com) — Kimberlite, a type of magma that is normally found deep within the Earth’s crust is known to somehow make its way to the surface at times, and when it does, it quite often has diamonds in it. Scientists have long believed that some process whereby some unknown substance being dissolved in water and carbon dioxide was responsible and that the rise was likely rapid, but other than that, had no real good explanation of how they moved upwards. Now, the riddle appears to be solved. Canadian volcanologist Kelly Russell and his colleagues at the University of British Columbia, as they describe in their upcoming paper in Nature, believe that when hot rising magma runs into silica rich minerals, carbon dioxide laden foam is released, forcing the minerals to the surface. Russell says the leap was made when he and some colleagues tried heating rock samples to 1000°C to mimic the conditions found beneath the Earth’s surface. At one point, he tried sprinkling a silica rich mineral on the hot rocks to see what would happen. After just a few minutes, he writes, there was this foaming, and he and his colleague all knew at once that they’d solved the mystery.It works like this, they say. When molten rock heavy with carbonate bubbles upwards, it at some point comes into contact with silica laden minerals. All this happens in an upper part of the mantel, where the rock typically has some amount of orthopyroxene in it. Carbon dioxide then bubbles upwards and out of the molten material making the magma buoyant. As it encounters more silica material, it becomes foamier and rises even faster, pushing its way to the surface in as little as just a few hours. The whole process keeps going because of the heat generated by the crystallization of other minerals. When they are exhausted, the process stops.The whole process results in rocks, such as kimberlite being pushed to the surface, where many thousands or millions of years later, humans find them and begin extracting the diamonds that went along for the ride.Because kimberlite, named for the town of Kimberly in South Africa where many early diamond mines were dug, is dense with crystals, it should be rather heavy, which would suggest trouble in pushing it up towards the surface. And while it does indeed appear to start out very heavy, it gets lighter as carbon dioxide is released in the reaction with the silicate material, allowing it to more easily be forced to the surface. Geologists Discover Magma and Carbon Dioxide Combine to Make ‘Soda-Pop’ Eruption Journal information: Nature This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Positrons are anti-particles, the opposite twin of electrons. Besides being created in physics labs, they are also found in jets emitted by black holes and pulsars. To date, the creation of positrons for study has involved very big and expensive machines. One of those is the particle accelerator at CERN. Another is a device built by scientists at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory that created positrons by firing a hugely powerful laser at a tiny disc made of gold. Other recent work by researchers at the University of Texas has involved building a desktop sized accelerator. This new effort builds on that work—this team has built a device not more than a meter long that is capable of generating short bursts of both electrons and positrons, very similar they report, to what is emitted by black holes and pulsars.To achieve this feat, the team fired a petawatt laser at a sample of inert helium gas. Doing so caused the creation of a stream of electrons moving at very high speed. Those electrons were directed at a very thin sheet of metal foil which caused them to smash into individual metal atoms. Those collisions resulted in a stream of electron and positron emissions—the two were then separated using magnets.The researchers report that each blast of their gun lasts just 30 femtoseconds, but each firing results in the production of quadrillions of positrons—a density level comparable to those produced at CERN. The researchers suggest their device could be used to mimic the jet streams from black holes and/or pulsars, hopefully offering some answers to questions such as, what sort of proportion of particles are present in such streams, how much energy is in them, and in what ways do the particles in them interact with the environment into which they are spewed. Explore further Journal information: Physical Review Letters Citation: Physicists create tabletop antimatter ‘gun’ (2013, June 25) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-06-physicists-tabletop-antimatter-gun.html (Phys.org) —An international team of physicists working at the University of Michigan has succeeded in building a tabletop antimatter “gun” capable of spewing short bursts of positrons. In their paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters, the team describes how they created the gun, what it’s capable of doing, and to what use it may be put. a. Top-view of the experimental setup. Plastic and Tefon shielding was inserted to reduce the noise due to low energy divergent particles and x-rays. b. Typical positron signal as recorded by the Image Plate. The region labelled with gamma noise is predominantly exposed by the gamma-rays escaping the solid target. c. Typical signal of the electron beam as recorded on the LANEX screen, without a solid target and d. extracted spectrum. Credit: arxiv.org/abs/1304.5379 © 2013 Phys.org More information: Table-Top Laser-Based Source of Femtosecond, Collimated, Ultrarelativistic Positron Beams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 255002 (2013). prl.aps.org/abstract/PRL/v110/i25/e255002 . On Arxiv: arxiv.org/abs/1304.5379AbstractThe generation of ultrarelativistic positron beams with short duration (τe+≃30 fs), small divergence (θe+≃3 mrad), and high density (ne+≃1014–1015 cm-3) from a fully optical setup is reported. The detected positron beam propagates with a high-density electron beam and γ rays of similar spectral shape and peak energy, thus closely resembling the structure of an astrophysical leptonic jet. It is envisaged that this experimental evidence, besides the intrinsic relevance to laser-driven particle acceleration, may open the pathway for the small-scale study of astrophysical leptonic jets in the laboratory.via Synopsis Still in the dark about dark matter
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Feeling anxious? Check your orbitofrontal cortex and cultivate your optimism Explore further (Phys.org)—It has been a very interesting week for physics, particularly for those researchers working in applied areas, one team at the Paul Scherrer Institute created a synthetic material out of a billion tiny magnets that mimic steam, water and ice. And a pair of researchers, one in the U.S. and the other in Iran, found that a spinning ring on a table behaves more like a boomerang than a coin—they believe it is due to the hole allowing air to pass through. Citation: Best of Last Week-How to put living organism into supposition state, linking human brains and brain part tied to anxiety (2015, September 28) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2015-09-week-how-supposition-state-linking-human.html © 2015 Phys.org PSI researchers have created a magnetic metamaterial made of long nanomagnets, arranged in a flat, honeycomb pattern. The arrangement of magnetisation in the synthetic material assumed very different states at different temperatures – just like molecules in ice are more ordered than in water, and are in turn more ordered in water than in steam. Credit: PSI/Luca Anghinolfi Also, another pair of researchers, one in China and the other in the U.S., offered a way to put a living organism into a superposition state—by sticking a bacterium to an oscillating membrane used in a prior experiment. And a team at NIST broke the distance record for quantum teleportation—they “teleported” light particles over 100 kilometers, quadruple the previous record. And a team a Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory described a new theory of stealth dark matter that may explain the universe’s missing mass—they combined theoretical and computational techniques to come up with a model that describes the “stealthy” nature of the mysterious stuff. Also, a team working with ALICE at the LHC announced that they had confirmed fundamental symmetry in nature via measurements of particle mass and electric charges.In other news, a team working at Harvard University announced that they had come up with a rechargeable battery to power a home from rooftop solar panels—they claim it is cost-effective, clean and safe, since it is not flammable. And in a rather eerie study, a group working at the University of Washington reported on a study in which they linked two human brains for a question-and-answer experiment. Volunteers had their brains connected and were then able to ask questions and “hear” what the other person gave as an answer. A team with the U.S. Geological Survey published a report describing how El Niño and La Niña will exacerbate coastal hazards across the entire Pacific—as global warming continues.And finally, if you are feeling anxious, researchers at the University of Illinois suggested you check your orbitofrontal cortex and cultivate your optimism—grownups with larger OFC, they found, tend to be less anxious and more optimistic.
, arXiv , Physical Review X Ultracold quantum mix In a Bose-Einstein condensate of dipolar atoms (white arrows), dense “droplets” (dark blue) will form because of the intricate interplay among the trapping potential (gray line), the atoms’ dipolar and contact interactions, and quantum fluctuations. The Modugno, Pfau, and Ferlaino teams created the conditions to achieve coherence between the individual droplets, which is mediated by the background of Bose-condensed atoms (light blue) in the trap. This coherence provides an indirect signature of supersolidity. Credit: APS/Alan Stonebraker/ Physics More information: L. Tanzi et al. Observation of a Dipolar Quantum Gas with Metastable Supersolid Properties, Physical Review Letters (2019). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.130405 Fabian Böttcher et al. Transient Supersolid Properties in an Array of Dipolar Quantum Droplets, Physical Review X (2019). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevX.9.011051Long-lived and transient supersolid behaviors in dipolar quantum gases, arXiv:1903.04375 [cond-mat.quant-gas] arxiv.org/abs/1903.04375 Journal information: Physical Review Letters © 2019 Science X Network Explore further Three teams of researchers working independently of one another have shown that certain dipolar quantum gases are able to support a state of supersolid properties. A team led by Giovanni Modugno of the University of Florence has published their findings in Physical Review Letters. The second team, led by Tilman Pfau of the University of Stuttgart, has published their findings in Physical Review X, and the third, led by Francesca Ferlaino of the University of Innsbruck has uploaded their findings to the arXiv preprint server. Supersolids are theorized materials with atoms that are arranged in the spatial periodicity of crystals, but are able to flow like a liquid when exposed to extremely cold conditions. In essence, they are solids that can flow like a liquid. Because of their unique characteristics, researchers have tried to create them in the lab, but until now, have met with little success. In these three new efforts, all three teams claim to have used theory and experimentation to show dipolar quantum gasses can support a state of supersolid properties—all three teams accomplished this using Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs), which are notably superfluids.Most efforts to create supersolids have started with attempts to force a superfluid into a crystal-like structure while maintaining its ability to flow—but such efforts have not panned out. Back in 2003, two teams of researchers proposed the idea of engineering atomic interactions by way of long-range dipolar coupling—an idea that showed promise but still did not lead to the creation of a supersolid. All three teams in these new efforts have based their efforts on this idea by using BECs because they have naturally strong magnetic dipole moments, believed to be a necessary part of creating a supersolid.All three teams worked with the idea that dense “droplets” will form in a BEC under the right conditions, in which just the right interactions would result in coherence between the droplets, allowing for the creation of a crystalline structure—all while maintaining the flow properties of the original BEC.Two of the teams, those led by Modugno and Pfau, used the isotope dysprosium-162 in their work because of the repulsive forces that dominate dipolar interactions. The third team used two other isotopes, dysprosium-164 and erbium-166 because of their dominant dipolar interactions. In the end, all three demonstrated that dipolar gases can be used to show properties of a supersolid in a material. Citation: Three teams independently show dipolar quantum gasses support state of supersolid properties (2019, April 8) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-04-teams-independently-dipolar-quantum-gasses.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Weekends in Delhi are more than just enjoying a good family time. The city has become a stage, as delightful performances by different cultural institutions at all three Dilli Haats are the highlight of everyone’s weekend. Delhi Tourism in collaboration with Department of Art, Culture and Languages, has been organising Dilli Haat Utsav, a unique festival to light up the cultural ambiance of Delhi. This festival is marked by diverse cultural programs and institutions like Sahitya Kala Parishad, Hindi Academy, Urdu Academy, and Sanskrit Academy etc. are showcasing musical evenings, Kavi Sammelan, Mushaira and dance presentations. Artistes from around the city gave an exclusive platform to perform and unveil their talent. Performers of Himalaya Arts from Hindi Academy presented a cultural programme on saturday at Dilli Haat INA, while Janak Puri witnessed Sanskritik Geet – Sangeet by Mani Kumar Jha and Group from Sanskrit Academy. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The performers at Dilli Haat Janak Puri started with Vande Mataram and continued with 7-8 melodies including bhajans, sufi sangeet and other patriotic songs. They work as teachers at DAV school and have been performing at platforms alike from the past 8-10 years. The cultural evening at Dilli Haat Janak Puri was attended by Dharmendra Kumar, Secretary, Sanskrit Academy. Performances at both venues drew people in large numbers and captivated them for an animated evening.Delicious and delectable food items from various cuisines in the country were also be served with as much love. An elaborate presentation and sale of handicraft and handlooms items accompanied to satisfy the shopping appetite.
“The government’s intention is that from January onwards, we must have all cabinet files in an e-format. Normally, hard copies of bulky cabinet files are circulated. They should be digitalised and computerised,” Food Minister Ram Vilas Paswan told his officers on the eve of ‘Good Governance Day’.Emphasising the need to move towards creating an ‘e-office’, the minister asked his officers to implement the slogan ‘Less government, more governance’ in true spirit. Also Read – I-T issues 17-point checklist to trace unaccounted DeMO cashHe also shared that in seven months of the government, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has laid emphasis on two things — good governance and development of the country. “Towards this direction, PM is in direct touch with secretaries. PMO is active and gives direction and guidance on all important issues,” he said, adding that good governance is important to ensure the system keeps functioning even if bureaucrats/ministers come and go. Assuring the minister of achieving better governance, Food Secretary Sudhir Kumar said, “Action has been taken to move towards e-files in our Department. All possible steps are being taken in this direction.”Paswan addressed officers of his department to explain to them the spirit behind celebrating December 25 as good governance day which. BJP has made elaborate arrangements for former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s 90th birthday on Thursday which will be observed as national “Good Governance Day”.
Balurghat: BSF jawans posted in Hili border area recovered Bangladeshi notes around Rs 16,00,000 having valued at Rs 12,58,466 in Indian currency as per market rate from Ujal area located at extreme Indo-Bangla border on Sunday night, official sources of 199, Battalion of BSF confirmed the incident. BSF also recovered some fresh shirts and trousers. Later, the items were handed over to the customs.According to BSF sources, it is learnt that the Bangladeshi currencies were left abandoned in a jute bag. No one has been arrested so far. A probe has been on. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsHaving learnt from a reliable source about the foreign currencies, acting on a tip off by senior BSF officials of 199, Battalion recovered the cash and clothes. BSF sources further informed that the currencies might have been taken to India from Bangladesh through Hili border area, under cover of darkness for gold smuggling.”Several cross border foreign currency smuggling rackets are active in the region. In most cases, the International smugglers use to take advantage as a long stretch of this district still remains unfenced that helps them to operate the rackets from both ends,” said a BSF officer. According to senior BSF officials, recently BSF patrolling particularly at night has been intensified to curb the nuisance. Several long-range night vision lights have also been introduced to carry on the tasks more perfectly, it is learnt.
She said: “Who do I think great actress? I always loved Vidya Balan and I think Kangana (Ranaut) does an amazing job as well.”“Priyanka Chopra, I think, is a Jack of all trades. She does it all. I think she is probably one of the most inspiring women in Bollywood. I look at articles and I see everything that she is doing (here) and when I go back to the US, there I see her billboards.” “It feels proud that when you are in another country and you see a billboard of her. Then you go like, ‘Yes, she is Indian, she is from where I am from.’ I think she is very inspiring.”On the film front, Sunny will be next seen opposite Tushhar Kapoor and Vir Das in Mastizaade. The Mary Kom actress is making her debut in production with Madamji. The movie is co-produced by Madhur Bhandarkar and is still in its pre-production stage.
Singer Kailash Kher, who has enthralled music aficionados the world over with his euphonious voice and meaningful lyrics, reflects upon the spiritual essence of India, saying the country’s art and culture makes it different from the rest of world.“Our spirituality is the strength of our humanity. Art, love and rich heritage defines us. That is why people from so-called developed countries, who have reached the extremes of development, come to India for spirituality,” said. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Kailash, also commented on the lack of exposure for art and music in India. “Bad product, good marketing is the only thing that is killing our strength. First, we have to eradicate poverty and educate people here before trying to improve the situation of art,” Kailash said.He also stressed on the importance of the government’s involvement in cultural events in order to give a boost to art in the country. “States, Centre, bureaucracy and people representing organisations should be a part of this culture. After education, our next focus should be art.” Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with Netflix“Education will kill poverty. Entertainment comes after that. No matter how much we glorify ourselves, we are still counted among third world nations. We have a lot to improve,” the Teri deewani hitmaker said. The singer, who performed at a concert with his band Kailasa for Prime Minister Narendra Modi during the latter’s visit to the US in September, said that Indians are emotional, and they should not get “too carried away” by the western culture. “Indians are emotional. You can’t be machines. Such people who claim to be westernized, do not even come in counting.” “We are so enamoured with western culture that we don’t realise that it is just another culture. Just don’t get too carried away. You are full of love, there’s emptiness everywhere else,” he said.The 42-year-old also weighed upon the contribution of music in bringing awareness among people while talking about the various obstacles in the path. “Music and art is bringing awareness. We don’t have real appreciation of music in the country because we are still poor. How will a hungry person appreciate music? First, we need to get rid of poverty.”He also stressed upon the need to spread positivity in the nation. “We need to spread more positivity around. We should be proud of our culture and heritage. Irrespective of who we are, we should listen to the voice of our soul and introspect, ‘What am I doing in this country and whether what I am doing is worthwile?’”
The research hinted at the possibility that children who enjoy fantasy play could be subsequently more creative, and it’s equally possible that children who are more creative subsequently engage in more fantasy play. “This is because, theoretically, playing in make-believe worlds requires imagination to conceive of the world differently than its current reality, which is also necessary to think creatively,” said lead researcher Louise Bunce from the Oxford Brookes University in Britian. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThe children’s fantasy play involved pretending that mirrored real-life (eg having a tea party or pretending to be a teacher), events that were improbable in reality (eg fighting a lion and being unharmed or going to school in a helicopter) or impossible events (eg going to wizarding school), the researchers said.For the study, the team interviewed 70 children aged 4-8 years old to assess the extent to which their fantasy play involved. The children also completed three creativity tasks. In the first task, children had to Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsivethink of as many things as possible that were red, in the second task they had to demonstrate as many ways as possible of moving across the room from A-B, then the third task asked them to draw real and pretend persons. In the first two tasks children received points for the number of responses they gave and how unique those responses were. Their drawings were rated for their level of creativity according to two judges. Children who reported higher levels of fantasy play also received higher creativity scores across all three tasks. “The results provide evidence that engaging in play that involves imagining increasingly unrealistic scenarios is associated with thinking more creatively, although at the moment we don’t know the direction of this relationship,” Bunce noted. “Parents and teachers could consider encouraging children to engage in fantasy play as one way to develop their creative thinking skills,” the researchers suggested.The findings were presented at the annual conference of the British Psychological Society’s Developmental Psychology Section in Belfast, recently.
Darjeeling: TMC Darjeeling district president Goutam Deb on Friday alleged a tacit political understanding between the BJP, Congress and CPI(M) in Siliguri. “There exists a Rainbow Alliance in Siliguri, comprising CPI(M), BJP and Congress. The Siliguri leader of the CPI(M) calls it the Siliguri Model. They have a tacit understanding. It is TMC on one side and the trio on the other,” alleged Deb. He stated that according to the understanding, for the Parliamentary election it will be BJP, for the Assembly it will be CPI(M) in the urban area and the Congress in the rural areas, with CPI(M) for the Pourasabha and Panchayat. “At the micro level we have seen that they are giving space to BJP. Where has the ideology gone?” he questioned.
Cats have been considered a symbol of good fortune in Japanese culture since ancient times. In recent decades the Maneki-Neko, a traditional Japanese figurine of a sitting cat who is waving one or both of its paws, has become a popular decoration all over the world. Maneki-Neko’s alleged fortune-bringing properties likely arose from an ancient belief that a shop owner will have a lot of customers and earn good money on a day when a cat raises its paws and cleans its face in front of their store. This belief might be nothing more than a deeply-rooted folklore superstition, but, in some instances, cats have actually brought good luck to people.Tama, the stationmaster of Kishi Station, Wakayama Electric Railway, located in Kinokawa, Wakayama, Japan. Photo by Takobou CC BY 2.5Such was the case with Tama, a stray calico cat who ended up employed as the stationmaster and operating officer at the Kishi railroad station in Kinokawa, a city in the Japanese Wakayama prefecture. Tama was born in April of 1999 and spent the first seven years of her life wandering around at the station along with a number of other strays.During that time, an informal station manager named Toshiko Koyama regularly provided the cats with food and shelter. In 2006, at a time when the future of the station, owned by a company called Wakayama Electric Railroad, was uncertain due to a severe financial crisis, Koyama adopted Tama and introduced her to the other members of the staff.Kishi Station on the Wakayama Electric Railway Kishi Line.A year later, Koyama was officially elected as the stationmaster, and he immediately decided to pass this title onto Tama, who had already gained significant popularity for roaming around the station’s offices and cuddling with passengers.A station master’s hat and badge were made for the cat, and her primary job was to greet passengers. As you might have guessed, the feline station manager wasn’t paid in regular human money, but rather in large quantities of quality cat food.Tama at her office. Photo by Anthonation CC BY-SA 3.0Employing a cat soon proved to be a rather beneficial decision for Wakayama Electric Railroad: the fluffy, good-natured Tama attracted many new passengers and visitors, and the publicity she received caused the station to become famous across the country.Cat Pretends To Fall Hard To The Ground After Being Hit By A Toy CarAfter a study, conducted in 2008, showed that the cat’s presence resulted in a $4.7 million increase in the station’s profit in just over a year, the company decided to promote Tama to the position of “super stationmaster” and employ two more cats, Chibi, Tama’s sister, and Miiko, Tama’s mother, as Tama’s assistant stationmasters.Tama – Stationmaster’s room and one gate of Kishi Station in Kinokawa, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. Photo by Twilight2640 CC BY-SA 3.0Also, the company introduced a number of Tama-themed attractions, such as the “Tama Densha” — a train decorated with cartoonish depictions of the famous cat, and Tama’s office — a “super stationmaster’s room,” a ticket office kitted out with a litter tray and scratching post. In 2010, the whole station was actually rebuilt to resemble a face of a giant cat.Tama remained employed as the super stationmaster until her death on June 22, 2015, at the age of 16. Thousands of her fans attended her Shinto-style funeral ceremony in Kinokawa. A few months after the funeral, she was enshrined at a newly built Shinto cat shrine and proclaimed the “Honorary Eternal Stationmaster.”Nitama, the stationmaster of Idakiso Station (left) and Tama, the stationmaster of Kishi Station (right), Wakayama Electric Railway, Wakayama, Japan. Photo by Takobou CC BY-SA 3.0In Japan, the traditional mourning period for the loss of a loved one lasts for 50 days. Therefore, the position of stationmaster at the Kishi station was vacant for 50 days following Tama’s passing. The next feline stationmaster, Nitama (the “Second Tama”) started working in fall of 2015; she was born in the city of Okayama and was rescued from underneath a train car by employees of the Okayama Electric Tramway.Read another story from us: Simon, the cat crusader who served aboard HMS Amethyst, received three medals after being woundedTo this day, Nitama continues greeting many people that pass through the Kishi station on a daily basis; her helpers, two younger calico cats, make her job a little easier by handling some of the cuddling and meowing.Domagoj Valjak is freelance writer with a master’s degree in English and comparative literature. He has contributed to Taste of Cinema and The Vintage News.
Queen Anne Boleyn is a figure that still haunts British and world culture. She has been extensively portrayed through theater, television, film, fiction, and numerous biographies. She has become one of the most enigmatic historical figures and it seems that historians and history-keen folks can’t get enough of her.Believed to be one of the most traveled ghosts in history, there are numerous accounts reporting the sighting of her spirit.Sadly, she is not seen in all her beauty and glory, but the way she looked after Henry VIII beheaded her for not being able to give him the heir he wanted.Anne Boleyn, Henry’s second queenBesides haunting our imaginations and interest, her ghost is said to haunt many places in the United Kingdom.Blickling HallBlickling Hall, Aylsham, Norfolk, England. Photo by DeFacto CC BY-SA 4.0Blickling Hall in Norfolk was a birthplace of Anne Boleyn. It is believed that in 1536, when the news of Anne’s death reached Blickling Hall, four headless horses were sighted dragging a beheaded body across the town.The Living Room. Photo by Martin Pettitt CC BY 2.0Nowadays, Anne’s ghost reportedly appears on May 19th every year, riding in a carriage driven by a headless horseman and carrying her own head in her lap. The carriage is said to noiselessly approach Blickling Hall along the driveway — then disappears upon reaching the house.Tower of LondonTower of LondonThe Tower of London was a place of Anne Boleyn’s tragic death. It is now a location where her ghost is reputed to frequently appear as a reminder of the gruesome act. She has been seen in the White Tower, Chapel of St. Peter and Vincula where she was first buried in an arrow case, in the Green Tower, and the Queen’s House.The peaceful looking Tower of LondonThere are many accounts of her appearance and the most famous one dates back to 1864 when General Dundas claimed to have seen her hovering over the ground, dressed in white. He charged at her with a bayonet but the weapon went straight through her, which is when he realized it was a ghost of the deceased queen.Hever CastleHever Castle, Kent, England.Hever Castle is the place to watch for Anne’s ghost around Christmas time. She grew up in the castle and Christmas was her favorite holiday, so she symbolically visits her childhood home every year at the same time. She might be spotted either under the oak tree where she and Henry VIII spent happy pre-marital time together, or walking across the Eden Lake bridge.Windsor CastleWindsor Castle – Changing of the Guards.Windsor Castle is world’s oldest occupied castle and home to the Queen. This apparently does not deter the spirit of Anne Boleyn from wandering through the hallways on occasion.There are a couple of photographs in which the she can allegedly be spotted. In one of the eeriest stories, a witness claims to have seen the ghost frantically running down the hall with her screaming head under her arm.Lambeth PalaceLambeth Palace. Photo by JaT CC BY-SA 3.0It is believed that Anne’s trial took place in Lambeth Palace before she was convicted and taken on a barge back to the Tower of London for execution.Read another story from us: The Creepiest ‘Ghost’ Picture People are Still Arguing AboutThere are many sad stories about the queen who pleads for her life and mercy. If you believe the tales, she can still be heard moaning and crying and her cries echo through the dark undercroft.
In the early 1990s, Frank Sinatra and his fourth wife, Barbara, designed their 5,800-square-foot Malibu beach house to meet all of their needs and expectations. Now someone else can live there and embody Sinatra style at the highest level — for just under $13 million. After the death of Barbara Sinatra in 2017, her son by a previous marriage put the two-story house up for sale. But the first incarnation was as a rental.Variety reported that in mid-2018 the property was available “as a fully furnished, short-term summer rental with a skin-blistering price of $110,000 per month.” By the end of 2018, the rental had turned into a “for sale.”Photo by HILTON & HYLANDThe Sinatras bought the land in 1990 for $2 million and knocked down the existing house. They used architect Ted Grenzbach, who also oversaw projects for Cher, Rupert Murdoch, and Barbara Streisand, to design their dream home.AdChoices广告inRead invented by TeadsBroad Beach is a highly desirable neighborhood, including current and former homeowners Dustin Hoffman, Ray Romano, Marta Kauffman, Goldie Hawn, and Steven Spielberg.Sinatra in 1955The elevator-equipped home, with seven bedrooms and nine bathrooms, has “living, dining and entertaining space with scads of built-ins, a fireplace and a walk-in wet bar plus a spacious eat-in kitchen with commercial-grade range,” reported Variety. “Under a vaulted ceiling with head-on ocean and sunset view, the airy second-floor master suite encompasses a private terrace, two bathrooms, a steam room, and a hair salon.” Yes, a hair salon.Photo by HILTON & HYLANDOf course the house comes with a swimming pool, a spa, and a sandy path to the beach as well. And plenty of beach frontage.While Frank Sinatra was alive, the house was the scene for many Old Hollywood parties, with favorite guests including Jack Lemmon, Gregory Peck, and Dick Van Dyke.According to Forbes, “Sinatra once proclaimed that ‘orange was the happiest color’ so it is not much of a surprise that a version of that hue shows up throughout the house. Though the Sinatras went with a paler version, perhaps influenced by the California tones and sandy beach outside the backdoor.”Photo by HILTON & HYLANDSinatra biographers say the Malibu house might have been Frank’s favorite. The Sinatras renewed their vows there in 1996, with Don Rickles and Bob Newhart among the guests. Says Top Ten Real Estate Deals, “In her book, Lady Blue Eyes: My Life With Frank, Barbara fondly describes their life in the beach house and their poker games where jokes and laughter flowed as fast as the food and drinks. Although the couple also owned homes in Palm Springs and Los Angeles, this was where they chose to renew their vows.”For those seeking a Sinatra vibe, this is not the only one of his houses available. “The crooner’s most recognizable residence, Twin Palms, in the heart of Palm Springs with a piano-shaped swimming pool, can be rented by Rat Pack fantasists starting at $2,200 a night.Villa Maggio, the suave singer’s semi-remote 7.5-acre retreat perched 4,300 feet above the desert floor in the craggy mountains above Palm Desert, is currently for sale at $3.7 million,” reported Variety in 2018.Photo by HILTON & HYLANDSinatra was still performing and touring in his 70s. As The Guardian reported, “The thousand concerts he undertook between 1973 and January 1995 were mostly reflective affairs in which, having dabbled in but renounced the work of George Harrison, Stevie Wonder, and Jim Croce, he returned to the songs of his burnished yesterdays.”Read another story from us: Frank Sinatra Almost Became an 80s Action HeroSinatra’s last public performance was on February 25, 1995, at the Marriott Hotel in Palm Desert, not far from one of his homes. After a golf tournament, he gave a six-song set, finishing with “The Best Is Yet to Come.”Frank Sinatra died on May 14, 1998, in Los Angeles.Nancy Bilyeau, a former staff editor at Entertainment Weekly, Rolling Stone, and InStyle, has written a trilogy of historical thrillers for Touchstone Books. Her new book, The Blue, is a spy story set in the 18th-century porcelain world. For more information, go to www.nancybilyeau.com
Today, McGregor joined the Herd to talk about his long awaited, and globally anticipated rematch with Nate Diaz that is set to finally go down this Saturday. One thing is very clear, the hate between him and Nate Diaz is real.Nick Wright, who was filling in for Colin, asked McGregor what fans should expect when he and Diaz get in the Octagon, after Diaz got the best of him in their first fight.In typical McGregor fashion he was confident, predicting he’ll take down Diaz within two rounds.“I have already decided I’ve won. in my mind I am strong and I am going in here to be victorious. Not only that, it will be inside two rounds, and that’s against a man that has a win over me. That’s mental strength.”McGregor explained that he is confident in his prediction because he had Nate Diaz dead to rights in the first fight and didn’t finish him off. He doesn’t plan on letting that happen again.“He was almost done. He was almost done in the second round. I feel with this new, correct approach, he won’t get out of that second round.”When asked if he thought that his presence in the sport contributed to the massive $4 billion dollar price tag in the recent sale of the UFC, McGregor gave proper due to Dana White and the Fertitta brothers for building the foundation of the sport, but he strongly believes he was a significant factor in the sport’s appeal to new investors.“There’s no doubt that I am a big reason why that price tag was $4 billion. 2015 was McGregor breaking every record in the book. Bringing in all the pay per view, all the gate records. All the TV records. And then, in early 2016, it sold for $4 billion? You best believe that the new buyers, the people who bought it have Conor McGregor at the forefront of their minds. So I have no doubt that I was a big part to play in that.”McGregor/Diaz, UFC 202, Saturday. This year’s Fight of the Century. You already knew that..@TheNotoriousMMA explains the origin of the ‘Red Panty Night’ line. #TheHerdhttps://t.co/kVOfCsutQu— Herd w/Colin Cowherd (@TheHerd) August 18, 2016 Things just got real between Diaz and McGregor at the UFC 202 press conference. pic.twitter.com/cxD8yYBl4W— Arash Markazi (@ArashMarkazi) August 17, 2016 Conor McGregor is mad, man. Yesterday, the pre-fight press conference for his UFC 202 rematch with Nate Diaz was cancelled when McGregor, after showing up late, started chucking water bottles at Nate Diaz. The scene went sideways in a hurry as Dana White struggled to gain control over the chaos. Advertisement
Get Vaughn up.Momentum has been building on social media for Charlie Sheen, who played the role of the iconic pitcher “The Wild Thing” Ricky Vaughn in Major League, to throw out the first pitch for Game 1 of the World Series in Cleveland on October 25.Sheen posted a tweet saying that if called upon, he’s ready to go.Major Leaguecontinues to be the giftthat keeps on giving!if called upon,I’d be honored. pic.twitter.com/ijjAU0Qvbw— Charlie Sheen (@charliesheen) October 20, 2016 It’s unknown if he would recreate his entrance from his relief appearance from the movie, but if he did, it would almost certainly get Progressive Field shaking to the point of near collapse. Aside from Sheen’s well documented chaotic personal life, he’s a die hard baseball fan who has shown incredibly impressive baseball skills for an actor. He showed up at a commercial shoot in 2008 dressed in his Major League Indians uniform and casually jacked a home run at Dodger Stadium into the bleachers. This could be a disaster, but it could be incredible. There’s still no word on whether Willie “Mays” Hays will be in attendance. Advertisement
Advertisement What will you be doing at 91 years old? Most people would be happy if they were still breathing without assistance and eating solid foods. Let’s face it, you’ll probably be dead.At 91, Joanna Quass from Berlin isn’t just hanging on, she’s still ripping up gymnastic competitions. A video posted online shows Quass performing a logic defying parallel bar routine that would make most people her age break a hip by just watching it.She should probably still get a Life Alert, just to be on the safe side.
Yosemite’s El Capitan is is one of the most intimidating and dangerous climbs in the world, but six months ago Jim Reynolds and Brad Gobright broke the speed record for climbing the 2.900 foot, 90 degree rock face by reaching the summit in 2 hours 19 minutes. The previous best was 2 hours 23 minutes set in 2012.It’s an incredible achievement, but a time lapse video – produced by Gobright – showing the 2+ hour climb in just under seven minutes is even more breathtaking. Even if you’re not an avid mountain climbing fan – we’re not – you can still appreciate this.