Russell shines again MELBOURNE, Australia (CMC): West Indies all-rounder once again proved his worth for Sydney Thunder as they produced another strong performance to edge Melbourne Stars by a single run off the last ball in an electrifying Big Bash League encounter yesterday. Sent in at the MCG, Thunder rallied to 178 for six off their 20 overs behind opener Usman Khawaja’s brilliant unbeaten 109 off 70 balls. Russell smashed 22 off 16 balls to be the only other batsman to pass 20 and one of only three to reach double figures. Thunder were going nowhere at 59 for three in the ninth over when Khawaja anchored a series of partnerships to spark a revival. It was his exhilarating 53-run fifth-wicket stand off 29 balls with Russell that gave the innings real momentum. While he pummelled 12 fours and three sixes, the right-handed Russell chipped in with four boundaries before perishing in the 18th over, brilliantly caught by a leaping James Faulkner at long on off seamer John Hastings. In reply, Stars were propelled by Kevin Pietersen’s superb 76 off 42 balls with five fours and six sixes, while Faulkner made 45 not out from 36 deliveries with two fours. The hosts were cruising at 48 without loss before pacer Russell, who finished with two for 28 from his four overs, struck twice in the sixth over to remove both openers Marcus Stoinis (27) and Luke Wright (18) and halt their progress. In Sydney, there was no such fortune for West Indies T20 captain Darren Sammy as his Hobart Hurricanes went down by 95 runs to Sydney Sixers. Sammy went wicketless in two overs, which cost 32 runs, as Sixers piled up 186 for seven and then made two from six deliveries as Hurricanes collapsed for 91. Taylor sparks, but Thunder lose BRISBANE, Australia (CMC): West Indies captain Stafanie Taylor extended her handsome run of form, but Sydney Thunder’s batting failed as they collapsed to a 14-run defeat to Brisbane Heat in the women’s Big Bash League here yesterday. Chasing 142 for victory at the Gabba, Thunder were held to 127 for nine off their 20 overs, with the right-handed Taylor top-scoring with 43 and Erin Osborne getting 31. Taylor faced 47 balls and struck three fours and a six, while Osborne counted two fours off 33 deliveries. Earlier, Jess Jonassen top-scored with 47 from 44 balls and captain Delissa Kimmince hit 29 from 27 balls, to help Heat up to 141 for eight off their 20 overs. Taylor proved economical with her off spin, taking one for 23 from her four overs.
MOST READ Dave Chappelle donates P1 million to Taal relief operations In fight vs corruption, Duterte now points to Ayala, MVP companies as ‘big fish’ China population now over 1.4 billion as birthrate falls Jury of 7 men, 5 women selected for Weinstein rape trial Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Winfrey details her decision to withdraw from Simmons film FILE – In this April 9, 2014, file photo, Basketball Hall of Famer Bill Russell takes part in the “Sports and Race: Leveling the Playing Field” panel during the Civil Rights Summit in Austin, Texas. Russell has been released from a Seattle hospital after an overnight stay for an unknown condition. Russell confirmed on Twitter Saturday, May 19, 2018, that he went to the hospital late Friday but does not say why. (AP Photo/Jack Plunkett, File)SEATTLE — Basketball Hall of Famer Bill Russell was released from a Seattle hospital Saturday after an overnight stay for an unknown condition.Russell confirmed on Twitter that he went to the hospital late Friday. He didn’t say why.ADVERTISEMENT Jiro Manio arrested for stabbing man in Marikina Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Russell said in the light-hearted message, “As my wife likes to remind me, I don’t drink enough.”He thanked fans for their concern and appeared to dismiss reports that the hospital visit was due to heart troubles.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkSPORTSTim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crownRussell said in the message that his friends “know I don’t have a heart to give me trouble.”The hospitalization was initially reported by TMZ, which said it was for dehydration. Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award View comments Volcano watch: Island fissures steaming, lake water receding Steam emission over Taal’s main crater ‘steady’ for past 24 hours Nadal beats Djokovic and will face Zverev for Rome title LATEST STORIES Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. The 84-year-old basketball great was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 1975. He was an 11-time NBA champion with the Boston Celtics and won five NBA MVP awards.Celtics coach Brad Stevens was relieved to hear that Russell was OK.“Yeah, that was obviously scary news and happy to hear that he’s doing better and he’s been released from the hospital,” Stevens said in Cleveland before Game 3 of the Eastern Conference finals. “He’s the ultimate basketball winner. The way he impacted winning, the unselfishness of a teammate, what he stood for off the floor — everything about him. It’s an honor to get a chance to work for the Celtics. Those teams and those people from those teams — and obviously Bill Russell being one of those main people in Celtics history — are why it’s an honor to work for them, because of the bar they set for all of us.”ADVERTISEMENT
This May Bank Holiday period the An Garda Síochána and The Road Safety Authority is appealing to all road users to take extra care when using the roads.The two groups issued the warning as the county prepares itself for a busy holiday period – statistics indicating an increased risk of collisions during public holidays.They are now appealing to all road users to play their part in helping to ensure the safe use of our roads. A spokesperson for the An Garda Síochána said: “Ahead of the May weekend, An Garda Síochána and the RSA renew their appeal for motorcyclists’ safety and for all road users to be aware of motorcyclists.“An Garda Síochána will have a visible enforcement presence over the May Bank Holiday weekend.”Gardaí issue Bank Holiday road safety plea was last modified: May 4th, 2019 by Shaun KeenanShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
During the chaos of Warriors media day this week, Kevon Looney stood calmly inside the team’s practice facility, staring at his blue retro Adidas T-Mac 3s.For now, the four-year forward finds himself wearing the brand as a matter of preference. Two months after signing 1-year, $1.5 million deal with the Warriors, Looney now finds himself on the market for another venture: his second sneaker deal.Looney, whose deal expired Aug. 31, has worn the brand consistently since he started at UCLA, …
According to Ira Magaziner, chairperson of the Clinton Climate Change Initiative, the Northern Cape province has one of the best solar radiation indexes in the world. (Image: Nicky Rehbock) South Africa’s giant solar park will use a combination of technologies which will be able to meet peak and baseload power demands. (Image: Wikimedia Commons) MEDIA CONTACTS • Bheki Khumalo Department of Energy spokesperson +27 12 444 4270RELATED ARTICLES • SA to produce more solar energy • Light for Africa • World’s longest solar race in SA • Plastic-bag billboard a world firstMediaClubSouthAfrica.com reporterSouth Africa is planning to build a R150-billion (US$21.8-billion) solar park in the Northern Cape province which, according to a pre-feasibility study, has some of the best solar radiation conditions in the world.This is according to Ira Magaziner, chairperson of the Clinton Climate Change Initiative, which is partnering with the government to bring the park on line.At a recent press briefing in Johannesburg, Magaziner said the study found that the strong and consistent sunshine in the province, large tracts of suitable and available land and proximity to electrical transmission points made it the ideal location for a solar park.Further advantages include the availability of water from the nearby Orange River and easy access to a good road network and airport.The park will be set up in sections over the next nine years, but the first portion could be operational as early as 2012.Park spinoffsMagaziner was in South Africa for the official announcement of the Solar Park Investors’ Conference planned for 28 to 29 October this year. The conference will be key to securing finance for the project – most of which is hoped to come from the private sector.The multibillion-rand facility will be built over thousands of hectares and provide 5 000 megawatts (five gigawatts) of power, which will be fed into the national electricity grid.Considering that one of the largest solar parks in the world today, the Olmedilla Photovoltaic Park in Spain, generates 60 megawatts of power on a sunny day, the South African version will be in another league.The spinoffs of such a large-scale development are job creation, greater demand for locally manufactured solar components and a more stable power supply – which will also be kinder on the environment as there will be less dependence on fossil fuels.Solar power has been slow on the uptake in the past, as South Africa has largely used its vast coal seams to produce electricity. But with coal being an expendable resource, and coal-fired plants being heavy pollutants, solar is fast becoming a viable alternative. Because the South African solar park will use technology that is able to meet peak and baseload power demands, it will also help relieve pressure on the national grid.With rapid economic expansion and a growing population, the country has to create an additional 40 000 megawatts of power over the next 20 years, according to the Department of Energy. But it can’t do this by relying on only one source, hence the department’s decision to turn to a mix of energies – coal, nuclear and renewables – which include solar.Solar to eventually rival coal and nuclearAccording to Magaziner, the global solar industry is still in its infancy, with less than 25 gigawatts of installed generation capacity worldwide, but this should change over the next decade.Increased use of new, improved technology and appropriate government policy could make the price of solar competitive with fossil fuel-fired power, he added.Unlike coal-fired or nuclear stations, large-scale solar plants can be built in increments, spreading the cost over time. Once operational, they are very cheap to operate, Magaziner said.By 2020 solar power should be less expensive than it is today, as there are opportunities to cut costs through engineering improvements. In contrast, the cost of coal-fired power is likely to increase, as the technology is mature and fossil fuels price hikes are likely.
On 9 May 1994, the day before Mandela’s inauguration as president of South Africa, Time magazine ran in-depth features on the “miracle” of the country’s democratic transformation. (Image: Time) Nelson Mandela in the 1960s. (Image: Historical Papers, University of the Witwatersrand) Nelson Mandela working in the Robben Island prison garden in 1977. The photograph, simply titled “A prisoner in the garden” by the National Archives, was taken by a media contingent sponsored by the apartheid government. (Image: National Archives, courtesy Nelson Mandela Foundation) Mandela with Graça Machel, his third wife and the widow of former Mozambican president Samora Machel, and Archbishop Desmond Tutu at a celebration of Tutu and his wife Leah’s 50th wedding anniversary. (Image: Hope Foundation) Expressions of grief and condolence have poured in from across the world after former president, Nobel Peace laureate and statesman Nelson Mandela, the world’s icon of reconciliation, compassion and goodwill, died at his home in Houghton, Johannesburg on 5 December 2013. He was 95. Those 95 years were remarkable.After spending 27 years in apartheid’s prisons, Mandela became South Africa’s first democratically elected president in 1994. He united a fraught and fearful country, bringing together blacks and whites when South Africa was living through violent and troubled times.His legacy is enormous. For 27 years he was South Africa’s icon of freedom, even though apartheid law made displaying his image illegal.At the end of his presidency he continued to work for a better South Africa, mainly through his many foundations. These include the Nelson Mandela Foundation, the Nelson Mandela Children’s Fund, the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, and, in his home province of the Eastern Cape, the Nelson Mandela School of Science and Technology, which will open in early 2014. Mandela’s name – and prison number – are also used in the 46664 campaign, a worldwide concert fundraising programme to help victims and orphans of Aids.Troublemaker from the Eastern CapeNelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born on 18 July 1918 in Mvezo in the Eastern Cape province, the son of a chief of the Tembu clan of the Xhosa nation. At the age of seven he was enrolled in the local missionary school, where he was given the European name “Nelson” by a Methodist teacher who found his African name difficult to pronounce. That name, Rohlihlahla, means “troublemaker”.After his father was stripped of his chieftainship following a dispute with a local magistrate, Mandela and his mother moved to the small village of Qunu. In 1927, when Mandela was nine, his father died, and the boy became the ward of the Tembu regent, Jongintaba Dalindyebo. He was to be groomed to assume high office but, influenced by the cases that came before the chief’s court, decided to become a lawyer.In 1939, after he had matriculated from school, Mandela enrolled at the University College of Fort Hare for a bachelor of arts degree. But the following year, after being suspended from college for joining in a protest boycott and fleeing an arranged marriage, he moved to South Africa’s principal city, Johannesburg.Arriving in Alexandra township in the north of the city, he found work as a guard at one of Johannesburg’s many gold mines, and later as an articled clerk at a law firm. He completed his degree by correspondence at the University of South Africa, and began to study law at the University of the Witwatersrand.In 1942 Mandela entered politics by joining the African National Congress (ANC), South Africa’s major liberation movement and today the country’s ruling party. It was during this time that he and a small group of mainly young members of the ANC embarked on a mission to transform the party into a mass movement.In 1944 he, Anton Lembede and Mandela’s lifelong friends and comrades Oliver Tambo and Walter Sisulu founded the ANC Youth League (ANCYL). That year he also married his first wife, Evelyn Mase. In 1947 he was elected president of the ANCYL.The year 1948 was a dark one in South Africa, with the election of the racist National Party, voted into government by a white electorate on the platform of apartheid. In response, in 1949, the ANC adopted its Programme of Action, inspired by the Youth League, which advocated the weapons of boycott, strike, civil disobedience and non-cooperation with authority.The programme aimed at the attainment of full citizenship and direct parliamentary representation for all South Africans. In policy documents co-written by Mandela, the ANCYL paid special attention to the redistribution of the land, trade union rights, free and compulsory education for all children, and mass education for adults.During the Campaign for Defiance of Unjust Laws in 1952, Mandela was elected the ANC’s national volunteer-in-chief and travelled the country organising resistance to discriminatory laws. He was charged and brought to trial for his role in the campaign and given a suspended prison sentence.Mandela and Tambo attorneysIn recognition of his contribution to the defiance campaign, Mandela was elected president of both the Youth League and the Transvaal region of the ANC at the end of 1952. He subsequently became the deputy president of the ANC.Soon after the defiance campaign, Mandela passed his attorney’s admission examination and was admitted to the profession. In 1952 he and Oliver Tambo opened a law firm in downtown Johannesburg.Tambo, the chairperson of the ANC at the time of his death in April 1993, wrote of their practice: “To reach our desks each morning Nelson and I ran the gauntlet of patient queues of people overflowing from the chairs in the waiting room into the corridors … Our buff office files carried thousands of these stories and if, when we started our law partnership, we had not been rebels against apartheid, our experiences in our offices would have remedied the deficiency. We had risen to professional status in our community, but every case in court, every visit to the prisons to interview clients, reminded us of the humiliation and suffering burning into our people.”The 1950s turned out to be a time of strife and tribulation for Mandela – he was banned, arrested and imprisoned. His personal life was also in some turmoil, as he divorced Evelyn to marry Winnie Madikizela. He was also one of the accused in the historic Treason Trial that ended in 1961, with the state dropping all charges.The Black PimpernelIn 1960 police opened fire on a group of protesters in the township of Sharpeville, killing 69 people. The reaction was immediate, with demonstrations, protest marches, strikes and riots across South Africa. On March 30 1960, the government declared a state of emergency, detaining more than 18 000 people, and banning the ANC and other liberation movements.With the banning, the ANC leadership went underground and Mandela was forced to live away from his family. He was a master of disguise and managed to evade the police, a feat which earned him the nickname in the media as the Black Pimpernel.The banning also forced the ANC to move from nonviolent to violent means of opposing apartheid. Umkhonto we Sizwe, the movement’s armed wing, was formed in 1961, with Mandela as commander-in-chief. After travelling abroad for several months, he was arrested in 1962 on his return to South Africa for unlawfully exiting the country and for incitement to strike. Convicted, he was sentenced to five years on Robben Island, the notorious political prison off the coast near Cape Town.While serving this sentence, he was charged with sabotage in the infamous Rivonia Trial. In 1964 Mandela was sentenced to life imprisonment.Eighteen of Mandela’s 27 years in jail were spent on Robben Island, where he carried out hard labour in a lime quarry. As a D-group prisoner, the lowest classification, he was allowed only one visitor and one letter every six months.While in prison Mandela studied by correspondence with the University of London, earning a Bachelor of Laws degree. In 1984 he was transferred to Pollsmoor Prison in Cape Town, and in December of that year he was moved to Victor Verster Prison near Paarl in the Western Cape.President of South AfricaOver the years, South Africa slowly descended into near-chaos, with almost constant unrest inside the country, armed insurgency from without, and steadily increasing international pressure from the international community to end apartheid. On 2 February 1990 the country’s National Party president, FW de Klerk, made a remarkable announcement: a negotiated settlement would end apartheid, all liberation movements would be unbanned, and all political prisoners released – including Nelson Mandela.Nine days later Mandela walked out of Victor Verster prison, his wife Winnie on his arm and his fist raised in the liberation movement salute.In 1991, at the first national conference of the ANC held inside South Africa after its decades-long banning, Mandela was elected president of the party. His long-time friend, Tambo, became national chairperson. In 1993 he and FW de Klerk were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their different roles in the peaceful end of apartheid.In 1994, after South Africa’s first democratic elections, Mandela became president of the Republic of South Africa. That year he published his autobiography, Long Walk to Freedom, which he started writing in prison.After serving a five-year term as president of the country, Mandela ceded the ANC presidency to Thabo Mbeki. He retired from public life in June 1999, though not from the public eye. He built himself a home in his birthplace in Qunu, which he would visit as often as he can.FriendshipsKnown affectionately by his clan name of Madiba, Mandela had friends across the world – Bill Clinton, Bono of U2, Naomi Campbell. Some of his friendships went back over 60 years, as with Walter Sisulu, Oliver Tambo and Ahmed Kathrada.In his autobiography Memoirs, Kathrada recounted that he and Mandela affectionately called one another madala, isiZulu for old man.“Charming and charismatic, he has both a magnetic personality and a commanding presence,” Kathrada wrote. “An uncommon amalgam of peasant and aristocrat, he is a living paradox: a democrat par excellence, with just a touch of the autocrat; at once proud but simple; soft yet tenacious; obstinate and flexible; vain one moment and humble the next; infinitely tolerant but also impatient.”Kathrada and Mandela spent 18 years together on Robben Island and a further seven in Pollsmoor Prison, along with Sisulu.“For all the public exposure and media attention Madiba remains an enigma to all but his most intimate circle,” Kathrada said.He recounted an incident with a terminally ill girl, Michelle Britz, that was typical of Mandela. She wanted to meet Madiba, and when she met Kathrada on Robben Island, he got to know of her wish. Kathrada passed on her wish to the then president, who sprang into action immediately.“The president of South Africa, a universally respected statesman with one of the busiest schedules on earth, flew to the Mpumalanga town of Secunda by helicopter, bearing gifts for a sick child.“The emotional meeting between Madiba and Michelle was shown on national television, and as she clasped her little arms around his neck and kissed him, the eyes of millions must have filled with tears, just as mine did.”In his honourNelson Mandela was given the freedom of 45 cities around the world, and honorary citizenship of 11 cities.In Johannesburg, his image was cast in a 6m-high bronze statue and stands preserved in his famous jive in Nelson Mandela Square.Speaking at the statue’s unveiling in April 2004, Ndileka Mandela, Madiba’s eldest granddaughter, said: “This is a very happy statue. The dancing stance pays tribute to the spirit of joy and celebration inherent in the people of South Africa.” The countless tributes to him around the world are without precedent. He had 23 schools, universities and institutions named after him; 25 halls, buildings, monuments and housing developments; 13 stadiums, squares, plazas, parks and gardens; 91 streets, roads, boulevards and parks; 32 bursaries and scholarships, foundations and lectures. Thirteen statues, sculptures and artworks carry his name.Madiba collected dozens of accolades from around the world: 18 sports-related honours and awards, and 115 other awards.He had a range of strange items named after him: a landfill site, a spider, a sea-slug, a protea, a tea, an orchid, a rescue dog, and a racehorse.Marriage, children and old age Mandela and Winnie divorced in 1996. In 1998 he married Graça Machel, widow of Samora Machel, the president of Mozambique until his death in 1986.Their wedding anniversary was the same date as his birthday – 18 July. In a 2008 interview with Mike Hanna on the Al Jazeera television network, Machel described how lonely Mandela was when she first met him.“After 27 years in jail, what he most longed for was not the glory of political life, but to have a family life,” she said. “It was a meeting of minds and a meeting of hearts.” Although she hadn’t wanted another marriage after Samora Machel’s death, she decided that her gift to Mandela on his 80th birthday would be to marry him.“Madiba has allowed me to continue to be myself. He has always respected my space. We have a deep sense of sharing, but at the same time we respect each other’s identities.“For a man of his age, a man who has gone through those kinds of experiences, he could have become extremely possessive. He’s not. Maybe that’s what love really means. We have found a balanced and respectful way of relating.”Mandela outlived three of his six children, and only three of his daughters are still alive: Makaziwe, Zenani and Zindzi. He had 18 grandchildren, six great-grandchildren and three step-grandchildren, as well as four step-children from his marriage to Machel.Towards the end of his life he and Machel spent their time in Qunu or at their home in the upmarket suburb of Houghton, in Johannesburg. His greatest pleasure of his old age, he said, was watching the sun set, with the music of Handel or Tchaikovsky playing in the background.A short distance from the tranquil surrounds of Houghton, his famous words from the Rivonia Trial echo on the walls of the Drill Hall in central Johannesburg:“I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal for which I hope to live and to achieve. But if it needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.”
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RELATED ARTICLESUnderstanding Energy UnitsWhat’s the Difference Between Energy and Power?Houses Versus CarsComparing Fuel Costs Gasolinegallon120,476 Every year on New Year’s Eve, I head over to some friends’ house here in the Atlanta area. They have the best party around — Possum Drop — and I’ve been going for nearly a decade now. As midnight approaches, the newly-crowned Possum Queen leads the countdown. The possum is lowered slowly onto the fire and then erupts in an explosion flames and sparks.Don’t worry. It’s not a real live possum. It’s a giant possum made of chicken wire, papier-mÃ¢ché, fabric, and other scavenged materials… and it’s stuffed full of fireworks!How much heat can you get from a Christmas tree?Naturally, the backyard bonfire is fueled by Christmas trees, an abundant fuel source in the days leading up to Possum Drop. So you might wonder, how many Christmas trees does it take to burn the possum?And once you ask that question, you’ve started thinking like a 19th century scientist… sort of. Take Thomas Tredgold and Nicolas Clément, for example. Both worked on a similar problem: relating a quantity of fuel to a result of burning that fuel. Both came up with similar definitions. Heating oilgallon138,500 Propanegallon91,333 According to Dan Holohan, who is famous for helping to carry 18th century steam heating knowledge into the 21st century, Tredgold is credited with inventing the British Thermal Unit, or BTU. In his article The Origin of the British thermal Unit, Holohan quoted from Tredgold’s book: “I take as the measure of the effect of a fuel, the quantity, in pounds avoirdupois, which will raise the temperature of a cubic foot of water one degree of Fahrenheit’s scale.”The definition has evolved a bit since then, though. Now we define it thus: One BTU is the amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of one pound of water by one degree Fahrenheit.Instead of a cubic foot of water, we use a pound of water now. Also, Tredgold was thinking of this in terms of the pounds of fuel needed to effect such a change. Now we say that change is caused by the introduction of a quantity of heat from the combustion of the fuel. That’s a subtle but important difference.But let’s make this a bit more real. When you burn a kitchen match all the way down, it gives off a quantity of heat that’s just about one BTU. If you have a furnace that’s rated input capacity is 60,000 BTU per hour, that’s like burning 60,000 kitchen matches per hour if it runs continuously.(Some definitions use the word “work” in place of “heat” because we know that heat is but one form of energy and is also equivalent to mechanical work. See the Wikipedia page on the BTU for more.)Meanwhile, in France…Nicolas Clément was working on the same thing, but using the system of units resulting from the French Revolution (the metric system). His definition was based on the same operational measure as Tredgold’s but used a kilogram of water (instead of a cubic foot) and a degree Celsius (instead of a degree Fahrenheit). So it’s a different amount but a definition of the same thing.You know what Clément called it, right? The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of a kilogram of water one degree Celsius is a Calorie. That’s capital C calorie, the kind they use in quantifying food energy. Some definitions are based on heating a gram of water, which gives you the little c calorie, 1,000 times smaller than the Calorie.Comparing different fuelsAs you might expect, both scientists came to study of the effect of burning fuels because of all the interest in steam engines and steam heating in their day. And they wanted to know how much fuel you had to add to the fire if you were using coal, wood, or something else. The BTU caught on back in the 19th century, and we still use it here in the US.Don’t ask a Brit for any kind of heat measurement in BTUs, though. They’ve moved on, as has nearly the entire world, to the International System (SI) of units, in which the basic unit for heat is the Joule. We Americans are about the only ones still using “those annoying Imperial units,” as a British reader of the US Energy Information Administration is a great place to go for these data, and that’s where I got the numbers here: Coalshort ton (2,000 lbs)19,622,000 Natural gascubic foot1,028 Crude oilbarrel (42 gallons)5,800,000 Electricitykilowatt-hour3,412 FuelUnitBTUs These fuels are sold in a variety of units (barrel, gallon, kWh…), but by converting them all to the same unit, BTUs in this case, we can do an apples-to-apples comparison. For example, if we have the costs of the various fuels in the units they’re sold in, we could find the unit cost per BTU of each. That can be handy when looking at home energy use and is the basis of the home energy spreadsheet I put together (although the unit I use there is the kilowatt-hour).Even though the end result is a bit different, the same thing happens at Possum Drop. We throw Christmas trees onto the fire and get a carefully controlled amount of burning and explosions. At least it seems we have that level of precision and control, since their house hasn’t burned down yet. Allison Bailes of Decatur, Georgia, is a speaker, writer, energy consultant, RESNET-certified trainer, and the author of the Energy Vanguard Blog. Check out his in-depth course, Mastering Building Science at Heatspring Learning Institute, and follow him on Twitter at @EnergyVanguard.
So, you’ve changed have you? This year you kept your promises, and the changes you’ve made are visible, huh?Would the person closest to you in your life recognize the personal changes that you’ve made this year? Would they call those changes a “transformation?” Or would they say that you “did a little better?” Which were you playing for when you promised yourself?Would someone you’ve known for a long time immediately recognize that you have changed? If they spent a couple hours with you, would it become clear to them all the ways that you have transformed yourself over the last year? Or would they say you’re the same person they’ve always known and loved?If you report to someone, would that person be able to quickly rattle off one or two of the major ways that you have improved yourself this year? Or would they simply point to the one or two visible projects that you were involved in? Would they even know what you worked on?How about your clients? Would your clients rave about how the transformation you made this year had a massive impact on their results? Would they recount all the ways that your relationship has grown stronger because of the improvements that you have made? Would they even have noticed?Every year at this time we start thinking about what we need to improve in the coming year. Resolutions are quickly made, and those resolutions are just as quickly forgotten. As you take an accounting of this year, ask yourself whether you are going to be happy dabbling around the edges in hopes of improvement or whether you are going to transform yourself in some area of your life.